Tag: Populate or Perish

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Japanese air raids on Darwin in 1942 made Australia acutely aware that its expansive borders and population of just 7m people left it vulnerable to attack. The incumbent Curtin government realized that Australia needed to “Populate or Perish” and plans were put in place for a large-scale immigration program.

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White Australia Policy The White Australia Policy encompassed legislation passed with the intention of restricting the immigration of “non-white” peoples into the country. The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 was one of the first acts passed by the new Federation. Racial antagonism had existed from the 1850s when large numbers of hard-working Chinese entered the…